Russia’s Central Asian Worries GrowBy Samuel BendettAugust 10, 2016Select LanguageRussian internet daily Lenta.ru recently published an analysis on why Russia is and will remain concerned about various threats emanating from the underbelly of the former Soviet region — Central Asia. Says the article:”Russian military and security officials generally do not like the Central Asian region, since it is the main sources of military threats for Russia, and no effective countermeasures to these threats exist to this day. “The main type of military threat to Russia is diffused guerrilla operations generated by an explosion of religious extremism, an explosion which would be almost inevitable after a hypothetical failure of one or several of the Central Asian regimes.” The analysis lists other potential headaches for Russian military and policy planners. These include Russia’s long and still largely indefensible border with Kazakhstan, as well as the difficulty of trying to influence the situation in the region if crisis escalates in any of the Central Asian “stans.” The analysis confirms that Russian troops in Tajikistan, and its aircraft deployed at the Kant airbase in Kyrgyzstan, are able to intervene in the fight against armed extremists at the request of the legitimate regional governments, but “if such a war is accompanied by political crises (and even revolutions), the room for military maneuvers becomes very limited.”Says Lenta.ru:”Security weakness in the Central Asian countries, which are increasingly penetrated by a radical form of Islam and by international terrorist networks, will lead to a condition where serious resistance to the radical Islamic threat can be made only on the Russian-Kazakh border — and the length and penetration of this border does not grant Russian policy planners any additional optimism.” Nor would the hypothetical introduction of Russian military forces in the region bode well for such a crisis — such a move might lead to a whole set of “purely internal Russian problems, ranging from popular discontent with such a move to placing Russian forces in the poorly equipped and logistically difficult region of Eurasia.”The analysis singles out a couple of terrorist attacks in Kazakhstan in June and July — in Aktobe, where 17 people were killed, and in Almaty, where an attack resulted in law enforcement and civilian casualties. “What if next time (and there is no reason to believe that these are the last events of this kind), the planning and execution of an attack is on a qualitatively different level? Will the Kazakh security forces be up to the task?”Moving south, the analysis identifies a major long-simmering source of conflict — the Fergana Valley, where the many conflicts of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan intertwine — these states have shared the valley since the creation of the Soviet Union. The valley, Lenta.ru reminds us, is a “transport hub, an aggregator of drug trafficking from the southern regions, and a place where trouble smolders at the surface — there are ethnic conflicts between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks, and interstate troubles due to water ownership.” Hinting at Moscow’s preference for strong autocratic regimes in Central Asia capable of controlling internal tensions, the analysis points out that “any significant weakening of the political regimes in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan may cause an explosion of local dissent, provoked by religious and ethnic extremists – as happened in 1999 during the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan crisis.”The analysis concludes that growth of internal tensions in these states could lead to weak governments exporting instability through war, and it recommends Moscow undertake various projects in the former Soviet space to manage the situation. Despite changes in the level of Moscow’s involvement in Central Asia due to economic and geopolitical pressures elsewhere, it is to be expected that Russia will continue its range of security, political, and economic relationships with Central Asian states through bilateral and multilateral ties it has been strengthening since the dissolution of Soviet Union.
Source: Russia’s Central Asian Worries Grow | RealClearWorld
On the southern borders of Russia continues to escalate the situation. Traditional terrorist threats and the dangers of political turmoil in Central Asia, and formed in 2014 the tension zone at the border with Ukraine Add riots in Armenia and incipient destabilization in Turkey. What are the challenges is preparing the Russian army, it appears “to Lenta.ru.”Military threat number oneThe Russian military and security forces generally do not like to Central Asia. This region – the first place in the list of the main sources of military threats to Russia. A counter opportunities in this direction is practically no.The main type of military threat – naturally diffuse guerrilla generated by the explosion of religious extremism, which is almost inevitable in the conditions of a hypothetical fall of one or several of the Central Asian regimes.The border with Kazakhstan is not equipped, to influence the situation in the region in case of an uncontrolled escalation of the situation will not be possible. Russian troops in Tajikistan, as well as aircraft deployed on the Kyrgyz airbase Kant, able to intervene in the fight against armed extremists at the request of the legitimate governments, but if war is accompanied by political crises (and even revolutions), the room for maneuver is very limited.The weakness of the security in the Central Asian countries, which are increasingly penetrating a radical form of Islam and international terrorist networks, will lead to the fact that the only serious resistance “bogeyman” can have only on the Russian-Kazakh border. And its length and permeability does not add optimism.Or – to introduce Russian troops into the region. This, in turn, will cause a whole set of purely internal Russian problems, ranging from popular discontent and ending binding valence bodied compounds in poorly-equipped central region of Eurasia.The sight KazakhstanIn recent months, the situation worsened in Kazakhstan, which though was not an island of stability in Central Asia, but, at least, the impression of the most advanced and managed state in the region.RELATED CONTENT21:02 June 5, 2016The terrorist act of irresponsibilityAs extremists attacked Kazakhstan AktyubinskFifth of June in Aktobe several terrorist groups, robbing weapon shops, carried out an armed attack on police stations and the territory of the military unit. Killing seven people and injuring forty. Kazakh Interior Ministry described the attackers as “radical adherents of non-traditional religious movements’, which clearly shows their connection with cross-border structures extremist Islamists.July Eighteenth shot in the Alma-Ata. Attack undergone District Department of Internal Affairs and National Security Committee, killing three policemen. And once again reported “radical adherents of non-traditional religious movements.”RELATED CONTENT13:40 July 18, 2016shot uniformsWho is behind the armed attack on security forces in AlmatyIt is impossible not to note the amateurish approach of militants to both terrorist attacks. The more questions to the Kazakh law enforcement bodies. What if the next time (and there is no reason to believe that this is the last event of this kind) planning and management of an attack would be a qualitatively different level? Will the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan colors in the scale of the terrorist threat to describe what is happening?Fergana nodeKazakh problems, however, should not distract from the much more long-time host of heavy conflict in the region. It’s about the Ferghana Valley, where many diverse intertwined conflicts Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.This region was created in order to become the detonator of the whole of Central Asia. Fergana – this transport hub, and aggregator of drug trafficking from the south, then smolder and ethnic conflicts, and interstate – because of the water.RELATED CONTENT00:07 May 11, 2016Wild Field threatsWith what face can the National Guard under RussiaAny significant weakening of the political regimes in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, is fraught with a local explosion, provoked by extremists performance – as has already happened in 1999 by the “Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.”We should not forget that the growth of domestic contradictions able to push any weak government on the “export of instability” in the form of war. This should theoretically damped “political management” of Moscow in the framework of its directed integration projects in the former Soviet space.Belt expandsThe situation is complicated by the fact that the zone of political instability at the borders of Russia clearly does not intend to be limited to Central Asia, which has even indecently called the “soft underbelly” (so it is overwritten metaphor).We have to mention the whole belt of instability. It is difficult otherwise to perceive what is happening in the South Caucasus (Armenia riots), Turkey with its unsuccessful military coups (accompanied by a massive “folk festiva
Source: As the Russian army would react to destabilize the neighbor: Armed forces: Security forces: Lenta.ru